Cane Refining Process

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Before it comes to Canada, sugar cane is partially refined into raw sugar at mills operated near the sugar fields. Sugar cane has to be processed rapidly after being cut.

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After it is harvested sugar cane is cut and crushed to extract the juice. The juice is then heated, partially purified and concentrated until the sugar crystallizes. This crystallized raw sugar is then shipped to our refineries in Montreal and Vancouver.

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Raw sugar is melted and filtered to become liquor that is then purified and decolourised to remove plant residues, waxes and soil residues.

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The clarified sugar liquor is now passed through filters to remove suspended solids and remaining colour.

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First the majority of the water is evaporated from the sugar liquor, followed by boiling in large vacuum pans. In the pans, water continues to be evaporatored until sugar crystals begin to form. The pans are boiled under a vacuum to prevent the sugar from being carmelized or burnt. At the end of the cycle, the vacuum pan contains a mixture of sugar crystals and syrup.

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Centrifugals separate the crystals of sugar from the syrup. The crystals are dried and stored in silos until required for packaging or shipment to customers.

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The sugar is now ready to be packed in various sizes, from large 1 tonne industrial bags or small 2 kg paper bags that you find at the grocery store.

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Beet Refining Process