All about sugar

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What is sugar? "Sugar" refers to sucrose, a carbohydrate found naturally in fruits and vegetables. Sucrose is the major product of photosynthesis, a natural process that turns sunlight into energy. Sucrose is the most abundant sugar found in nature, and occurs in the greatest quantities in sugar cane and sugar beets.

Refining Processes

There is no bleaching agent added at any time during the refining process. Sugar contains no artificial preservatives, colourings or any other additives. Pure sucrose crystals are naturally white. During the refining process, the natural sugar that is stored in the sugar cane stalk (or beet root) is separated from the rest of the plant material. The juice is purified, filtered, concentrated and dried in a series of steps to produce pure sucrose.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between beet sugar and cane sugar?
There is no difference between beet and cane sugar, other than the source. Both are pure sucrose, produced from two different plants. Cane sugar is extracted from the stalks of the sugar cane plant while beet sugar is extracted from the roots of the sugar beet plant. While the production process is different, the end result is the same. Both are equivalent in sweetness.
Where are sugar beets grown in Canada?
At one time sugar beets were grown in Alberta, Manitoba, Quebec and Ontario. Today, all beet sugar marketed in Canada is grown in southern Alberta.
What is the difference between brown and white sugar?
Brown or yellow sugars contain granulated sugar plus a small amount of molasses. Some of these sugars are produced by boiling a special syrup in a vacuum pan, while others are produced by adding a cane syrup to refined white granulated sugar in a mixer. The cane syrups provide the unique flavor to these “soft” sugars.
Is animal bone char used in the production of sugar from sugar cane or beets?
Bone char is not used at Taber’s sugar beet factory or at Montreal’s cane refinery. Bone char is only used at the Vancouver cane refinery. All products under the Lantic trademark are free of bone char. For the products under the Rogers trademark, all Taber sugar beet products are also free of bone char. In order to differentiate the Rogers Taber beet products from the Vancouver cane products, you can verify the inked-jet code printed on the product. Products with the code starting with the number “22” are from Taber, Alberta, while products with the code starting with the number “10” are from Vancouver, British Columbia.
Is sugar bleached during processing to produce “white” sugar?
No, sugar is not bleached during processing. Sugar-containing syrups extracted from either cane or beet are decolourized during the process using bone char (Vancouver only), ion exchange or lime purification but no bleach is used.
Is the sugar produced by Lantic Inc. certified Kosher ?
Yes, all of the sugar products produced by Lantic Inc. are certified Kosher.
Why is starch used in icing sugar? What type of starch is used?
A small amount of starch is added to icing sugar to prevent caking in storage. Icing sugar produced by Lantic contains corn starch. Corn starch is gluten-free.
What is the shelf life of sugar?
When stored under dry conditions, granulated white sugar has an indefinite shelf life because there is insufficient moisture to support microbial growth.
How should brown sugar be stored?
Brown sugar will harden when exposed to air. For optimum storage life, store this sugar in a tightly sealed container. If the sugar turns hard, add a piece of bread or a slice of apple to the container. The sugar will soften once again.
How many calories in a teaspoon of sugar?
Sugar provides 15 calories per teaspoon (4 grams), or less than 4 calories per gram. In comparison, fats supply about 9 calories per gram.

For more information: Canadian Sugar Institute

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